Posted on Thursday, Jan 26th 2017
According to a Newzoo report, the total gaming market worldwide was estimated to grow 8.5% over the year to $99.6 billion in revenues in 2016. This is also the first year when mobile gaming will account for a bigger share than PC games. Mobile gaming was estimated to bring in $36.9 billion in revenues, growing 21.3% over the year. The global gaming market is expected to grow 6.6% annually over the next three years to be worth $118.6 billion in 2019 with mobile gaming accounting for $52.5 billion of these revenues.
Kabam was founded in 2006 by Kevin Chou, Michael Li, and Holly Liu in San Francisco to create a social sports community leveraging Facebook. While Kabam began on Facebook, it soon diversified onto other online platforms including mobile devices and Web platforms to become a social gaming company of its own standing.
Kabam operates on a freemium model by allowing users to play their games for free and by earning revenues through sale of premium content and virtual goods. The company managed to publish some very popular titles in the gaming community. It is best known for its strategy game Kingdoms of Camelot. Besides developing its own games, Kabam is also a publisher for third party game developers. It has also tied up with Hollywood studios such as Disney, Universal, and Warner Brothers to deliver mobile games based on franchises including Marvel, The Hobbit, and Fast & Furious.
Kabam does not disclose its revenues, but it claims to have four titles that have grossed more than $100 million in their lifetime besides the popular Kingdoms of Camelot, which has already grossed more than $250 million. The company claims to have been profitable since 2012. Other market reports suggest that Kabam’s revenues grew from $180 million in 2012 to $360 million in 2013 and to $400 million in 2014.
Kabam has been venture funded so far with $245 million raised from investors including Alibaba, Intel Capital, Redpoint Ventures, Canaan Partners, SK Telecom Ventures, Performance Equity Management, Pinnacle Ventures, and Betfair. It last raised funds in July 2014 when it secured $120 million from Alibaba at a valuation of over a billion dollars, growing from 2013 valuation of $700 million. More recent valuation is not known, but some analysts believe that it may no longer be a billion dollar company.
Kabam’s Recent Worries
For quite some time, Kabam debated with the idea of going public. But recent years of financial struggle have forced it to quit the idea. Kabam’s idea of adopting titles like The Lord of the Rings and The Hunger Games never brought in much money as Kabam had to share revenues with the right holders. Revenues for 2014 grew only 7% over the year compared with 100% in earlier years. While the revenue number of $400 million for the year 2014 was still substantial, it fell short of earlier estimated revenues of $500 million.
In 2015, Kabam began to lay off its employees. Like other newly rich companies, Kabam had trouble managing spend. Even though funds were scarce, it was incurring frivolous spending such as the $18 million spend for naming rights of the Cal-Berkeley football field.
The troubles continued in 2016 when it began the year by laying off 8% of its staff. With other gaming companies like Zynga and King.com crashing, the expectations of an IPO were no longer reasonable. Kabam had to change gears. It realized that its strength lay in massively multi-player games (MMOs) and decided to focus on those games instead. It has also become more prudent in game development by investing in fewer, but hopefully better titles. Finally, instead of allowing each studio to use their own platform, Kabam now insists on using a common tech stack across all studios.
These moves have helped Kabam still remain in business. Rumors suggest that in October 2016 Kabam received a bid of $800 million for its Vancouver studio. The Vancouver studio was Kabam’s best studio – it had developed Marvel Contest of Champions. Kabam’s Marvel game has grossed more than $400 million since its launch in 2014. The Vancouver studio is also working on the Transformers: Forged to Fight game scheduled for release this spring.
Till recently, Kabam had managed to hold on to its independence. But recent news suggests that Kabam may have found another buyer for some of its assets. According to market reports, Kabam has agreed to sell the bulk of its assets, including the Vancouver studio and the marketing and customer support teams, to South Korea’s Netmarble for an undisclosed sum. The deal is expected to be closed later this quarter and will give Netmarble full control over the Vancouver studio. Some believe that the deal is still in the range of $700-$800 million. Kabam is expected to combine its other three studios located in Los Angeles, San Francisco and Beijing into a new entity to be sold off after the completion of the Netmarble deal. Unfortunately, these studios aren’t known to deliver strong games and Kabam will find a sale difficult to make.
More investigation and analysis of Unicorn companies can be found in my latest Entrepreneur Journeys book, Billion Dollar Unicorns. The term Unicorn was coined in a TechCrunch article by Aileen Lee of Cowboy Ventures.
Photo Credit: Official GDC/Flickr.com
This segment is a part in the series : Billion Dollar Unicorns
. How Marketo Is Faring In The Public Market . Workday's Ramp to Multi-Billion Valuation . Gaurav Dhillon, Founder of Informatica and SnapLogic (Part 1) . ServiceNow's Expanding Market Opportunity . Gaurav Dhillon, Founder of Informatica and SnapLogic (Part 2) . Gaurav Dhillon, Founder of Informatica and SnapLogic (Part 3) . Gaurav Dhillon, Founder of Informatica and SnapLogic (Part 4) . Tableau's Valuation Increases to $6 Billion . A Rare Media Venture Called Vice . Gaurav Dhillon, Founder of Informatica and SnapLogic (Part 5)More »» . Gaurav Dhillon, Founder of Informatica and SnapLogic (Part 6) . Gaurav Dhillon, Founder of Informatica and SnapLogic (Part 7) . Will Box Implode Post IPO? . Net-a-Porter Cracks The Luxury Fashion Market . Outbrain Prepares for an IPO . Palantir's Skyrocketing Valuation May Be Justified . Online Education Player Lynda.com . Pluralsight's Impressive Rise . Snapchat Explores Revenue Generating Options . Analysts Project Revenue for Pinterest . The Market Awaits Etsy's IPO . Taboola's Content Marketing Growth . Egnyte Eyes IPO in 18 Months . Web 3.0 and E-Commerce Investment Thesis of 3 VCs . Cleversafe's Unique IP Strategy . Cloud Investment Thesis of 5 VCs . GoDaddy Shying Away from IPO, Yet Again . Can Square Sustain Its Valuation? . Zulily Tumbles . MuleSoft Will Be Joining Soon . Bootstrap First, Raise Money Later . ShopClues in India Shows Unicorn Characteristics . What Have You Learned? . ASOS Shines From London . Xiaomi Overtakes Samsung in China . eClinicalWorks Bootstraps With A Paycheck . Strategies From 5 Entrepreneurs . Lending Club Focuses on Growth Post IPO . Slack Speeds Its Way To The Mark . Eventbrite Shies Away from an IPO . Meituan Leads China's Group Buying Market . Gilt Groupe Delays IPO . Veeam Wants To Stay Private . Nextdoor's Valuation Skyrocketing With No Sign of Revenues . Stripe Exploring Tie-Ups for Growth . HubSpot Sustains Solid Growth Post IPO . Shazam Makes it to the Club . OnDeck Scoring in Small Businesses Instant Loans . Fat Startup Adaptive Insights Leading in Cloud CPM . Cloudera Leverages Open-Source Hadoop to Create a Multi-Billion Dollar Business . Evernote Cracks the Freemium Model . Rocket Fuel Crashes on Results . MongoDB Rises High on NoSQL Databases . Shopify Preparing for an IPO . JustFab Getting Ready for an IPO . Kabam to Stay Private? . Adyen Bootstraps to Multi-Billion Valuations . RetailMeNot Worries About Mobile Monetization . Elance-oDesk Taking on the Freelance World . Farfetch Connecting Designers with Consumers . The Impressive Story of Airpush . athenahealth Enters the EHR Market . Privalia Dominates the Latin America Markets . Niche E-Commerce Works for Fanatics . Powa Puts London on the Map . RealReal Shows How to Consign Luxury Products . Vancl On A Roller Coaster Ride . Didi Dache is China's Uber . Dafiti Leading E-Commerce in Latin America . ServiceNow Expands Addressable Market . Flipboard Focuses on Monetization . Hootsuite Eyes an IPO . GoodData Riding High on Big Data Analytics Market Growth . Cheetah Mobile Part Of Chinese Contingent . Hortonworks Needs To Deliver Results . Clarabridge Wins by Analyzing Customer Sentiment . Tableau Continues its Precise Execution . Will Cloudera Sustain $5 Billion Valuation Post IPO? . Freshdesk is a Prospect . InMobi Wants to IPO in India . Zendesk Targets the Live Chat Market . New Relic Getting Ready to Battle with Microsoft . Twilio is Revolutionizing Telecommunications . Funding Circle is UK's Latest Entry to the Club . Luxury Retailer Moda Operandi on the Club's Runway . Splunk is Now Targeting the SMB Segment . Capital-Efficient StartApp Is A Prospect . AppNexus In The IPO 2015 Pipeline . Druva Poised to Produce an Indian Unicorn . MapR Readies IPO . Lookout Getting Ready for an IPO . Anaplan Gets Ready to Enter the Club . Blue Apron Simplifies DIY Gourmet Cooking . GoFundMe Bootstraps till the Half-Way Point . Containers Gives Docker Entry into the Club . Can Kaltura Be A Public Unicorn? . The Ride-Sharing Industry Continues to Deliver Unjustifiable Valuations . MarkLogic Making Waves in Enterprise NoSQL . CloudFlare Offers Website Security over the Cloud . Mixpanel Provides Advanced Analytics for SMBs . Spotify Gearing up to Face Apple Music . Auction.com in Expansion Mode . Nutanix Gives VMWare Tough Competition . Houzz Bootstraps in a Niche Space to Join the Club . Rapid7 Delivers a Successful IPO . Coinbase Tries To Capitalize on BitCoins . Expect Acquisitions From ServiceNow . Zendesk and Freshdesk in Expansion Mode . Zulily Attempts to Make a Turnaround . Etsy Continues to Fumble . Lufax May be Risky, But Valuations Remain Lofty . Will IBM Acquire FireEye? . Mode Media Takes on Video Streaming . New Relic Moves Deeper into Enterprise . Delivery Hero Gets Multi-Billion Dollar Valuation for Food Delivery . Splunk Beefs Up Cyber Security . Garena Secures Singapore's Entry to the Club . Dianping is Thriving in China with its Local Reviews Business . Box Struggles in its Public Avatar . Coupang Raises the Banner for South Korea . InsideSales.com Bootstraps First, Raises Money Later . Pinterest Eyes E-Commerce . Klarna Takes the Risk out of E-Commerce . VNG Grows While Remaining Focused on Vietnam . Good, Bad and Ugly . Sprinklr Rolls up Social Media Management Software Before IPO . ContextLogic Marries Wish Lists to Vendors . Beepi Disintermediates Used Car Dealerships . Snapchat Experiments With Revenues . Tanium Simplifies Cyber Security . Avant is Revolutionizing Consumer Credit . Adyen is on a Roll . Apttus Ready for IPO . ZScaler Takes Security to the Cloud . Bullhorn is in the Making . Sogou a Unicorn, But Yet to Find its Mojo . Evernote Trying to Recover Lost Ground . Modernizing Medicine Is A Prospect . Instacart Looks Shaky . Mogujie's E-Commerce Pivot Pays Off . Zalando Takes the Lead in European Etail . BlaBlaCar Expands Internationally with Acquisitions . Square Files for IPO Below Last Round of Financing . Secretive Infinidat Makes its Way to the Club . FanDuel Creates a Billion Dollar Company out of Fantasy Sports . Kabbage Latest Unicorn in Slowing Online Lending Sector . Atlassian Now Prepping for a US Listing . Match.com Looking to Court the Stock Market Now . Ele.Me Shows Online-2-Offline Works . Alteryx is a Prospect . Machine Zone Translates Multi-Player Games to Multi-Billion Valuation . ZocDoc Should Be Able To Withstand Public Market Scrutiny . Thumbtack Joins the Ranks . Beibei the Baby of the Club . Online Lender SoFi Puts Off IPO Plans . Warby Parker Joins the Club . DraftKings Looks Worried as Fantasy Sports Come Under Scrutiny . Tujia Offers Vacation Rentals in China . Hortonworks Struggles to Stay in the Club . Atlassian, A Legitimate One, Delivers A Great IPO . Reconsider Your Aspirations . Will Docker Sustain? . Veeva Delivers Strong Fundamentals . OfferUp Still Needs to Figure out Revenue Model . Mozido Delivers Mobile Payment to Non-Banking Customers . SimpliVity a Prospect . WePiao Succeeds in Online Ticketing in China . Uptake Joins the Club . For Magic Leap, Unicorn Status No Longer Virtual . Udacity Leans on Industry Giants for Monetization . ForeScout Does Not Want To Go Public Yet . ShopClues Joins the Club . Age of Learning Monetizing in Educational Apps . Square Post Its IPO . Decolar is the Latin American Entry to the Club . Japan's Mercari Joins the Club . Yello Mobile Acquires its Way into the Club . TutorGroup Enters the Club . Souq.com the Middle East Entry to the Club . WeWork Riding the Sharing Economy Wave . Moderna Therapeutics A Promising, Unproven Bet . GitHub Faces Growing Pains . Africa Internet Group the First African Entry to the Club . Paytm Plans Rapid Expansion . Oscar Plans to Expand Its Network . Razer Leads the Gaming Accessory Market . GuaHao Targets China's Healthcare . AUTO1 Group Plans International Expansion . TransferWise Makes Money Transfer Simpler and Cheaper . Ping An Good Doctor Is Largest Chinese Healthcare Unicorn . MindMaze Channels Virtual Reality into Healing . Driverless Car Startup Zoox Joins The Club . Cylance Uses Machine Learning as Cyber Security Tool . SMS Assist Brings a Lackluster Industry to the Club . Unity Technologies a Strong VR Gaming Bet . Square Eyeing Large Sellers . Airbnb Continues to Soar . Xiaohongshu Leverages Social Commerce to Join the Club . iCarbonX Wants to Create a Digital You . Liepin, China's Homegrown Recruitment Platform . Hike is the Latest Entrant from India . Go-Jek Hails its Way into the Club . Quanergy Rides Into the Club . Aiwujiwu Rides High on Chinese Real Estate Sector . Zeta Interactive Counts on Inorganic Growth . Line Delivers a Successful IPO . Grab from Singapore is the Next Big One . Didi Chuxing Monopolizing Chinese Ride-Sharing Market? . Blippar Bets on Its Visual Browser . Two Years Post the IPO, Globant Continues to Soar . Nutanix Delivers a Strong Performance in the First Week of Listing . Coupa Has a Successful IPO . Online-to-Offline Focus Helps Huimin Enter the Club . Real Estate Platform Compass Joins the Club . LeSports Cashes in on Niche Video Streaming . Flipkart's Valuation Bodes Unsteady Future . Russian Avito Gearing up to go Public . Guazi Leading the Chinese Online Used Car Market . Slack Delays IPO to Next Year . Sprinklr Acquiring to take on Big Brands . Infor Accumulates ERP Providers to Build an Empire . Royole Corporation Flexes its Way into the Club . Rong360.com Joins the Club . Stripe’s Skyrocketing Valuation . Hulu Gears up to Stream Cable . Nutanix Delivers Upbeat Performance, Stock Still Down . Procore Joins the Club . JetSmarter Flies Into the Club . Opendoor Labs Opens the Door to the Club . Neo Technology Takes Databases to the Next Level . Kabam Struggles to Stay Alive . Careem is the Latest Middle East Unicorn . Huochebang is the Uber of Trucks in China . SimpliVity Exits in HPE's Arms . Kendra Scott Shows that Women CAN Build Unicorns . Zhihu Imitates Quora to Build a Valuation Without Revenue Company . Putting Flipkart's Struggles in Perspective . BlackLine Continues to Grow Post IPO . Global Switch Wants to be Leader in Data Centers . AppDynamics Sold Before IPO . MuleSoft Delivers Successful IPO . Alteryx has a Successful IPO . Airbnb is in no Rush to IPO . Actifio Focuses on Profitability, not IPO . In Uptake, Groupon Founder Shows He Has Learnt His Lesson . Will Cisco buy Nutanix? . Zoom Video Communications Enters the Club . C3 IoT Joins the Club